The Ohio Health Issues Poll is conducted every year to learn more about the health opinions, behaviors and status of Ohio adults. In 2018, OHIP asked Ohio adults several questions about their opinions of addiction as a disease.
The study of the brain and addiction is a growing science. The National Institute on Drug Abuse describes addiction as a “chronic disease characterized by drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences” that can be affected by an individual’s genetics, their environment and individual characteristics.1
OHIP asked, “Do you believe addiction is or is not a disease?” Six in 10 Ohio adults believe addiction is a disease (62%) while 3 in 10 Ohio adults do not believe it is a disease (31%) and 7% were not sure.
Responses varied by political party identification. Half of Republicans (53%) and close to 6 in 10 Independents (57%) believe addiction is a disease. That compares with more than 7 in 10 Democrats (74%).
Responses also varied by the type of community in which adults live. About 7 in 10 Ohio adults living in an urban county (67%) believe addiction is a disease. That compares with 6 in 10 adults living in a rural or suburban community (58%).
OHIP then asked those adults who believe addiction is a disease, “Do you believe that addiction is a physical disease, a psychological disease, or both a physical and psychological disease?”
Among Ohio adults who believe addiction is a disease, nearly 8 in 10 feel it is both a physical and psychological disease (76%). About 2 in 10 Ohio adults believe it is a psychological disease only (21%), and 3% believe it is a physical disease only.
The public’s perception of substance abuse affects the availability of resources including access to treatment and other life-saving measures. As the state works to address addiction it is useful to understand where public opinion stands.
Addiction Policy Forum is a Washington, D.C.-based nonprofit working to elevate awareness around addiction and to improve national policy through a comprehensive response that includes prevention, treatment, recovery and criminal justice reform. Addiction Policy Forum worked with experts to develop an animated series to help translate the science of addiction into something that is easily understood by the average American. The animated series aims to expand public understanding about addiction and replace the myths and misinformation about substance use disorders (SUDs). Recently Addiction Policy Forum presented these videos to a group of Ohio coalitions at the Coalitions Rising Conference To watch the videos, please visit www.addictionpolicy.org/addictionseries-main.
1. NIDA. (June 6, 2018). Understanding Drug Use and Addiction. Retrieved Oct. 2, 2018, from www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/understanding-drug-use-addiction.
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